Ellis-Pagoria Family History
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Flavia Maxima Fausta or Faustina di Roma
Female 289 - 326

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  • Birth  289  Pannonia, Illyria Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Female 
    Died  326 
    Person ID  I24775  Ellis-Pagoria Family Tree
    Last Modified  23 Dec 2012 
    Father  Marcus Aurelias Valerius Maximianus Maximian,   b. 250, Pannonia, Illyria (now Albania) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jul 310, Massila, Marseilles, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Eutropia "the Syrian",   b. 250, aka Eutropia Crispian Crispus, or Galeria Valeria Eutropia/Syria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 325 
    Married  280  Pannonia, Illyria (now Albania) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F10438  Group Sheet
    Family  Constantine "the Great" Flavius Valerius of Rome,   b. 27 Feb 271, Naissus, Moesia Superior, Dacia Ripensis, Yugoslavia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 May 337, Nicomedia, Bithynia (now Izmit, Turkey) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  307  Naissus, Moesia Superior, Dacia, Ripensis, Yugoslavia Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Constantia of Rome,   b. 352
     2. Flavius Julius Constantius II di Roma,   b. Feb 316, Arles, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 340
     3. Flavia Constantia Augusta,   b. 320,   d. 354
     4. Constans I Augustus Emperor of Rome,   b. 308,   d. 350
    Family ID  F10191  Group Sheet
  • Notes 
    • Audrey Maxine Ellis' 44th Great Grandmother

      Fausta Flavia Maxima (289-326) was a Roman Empress, daughter of the Roman Emperor Maximianus. To seal the alliance between them for control of the Tetrarchy, in 307 Maximianus married her to Constantine I, who set aside his wife Minervina in her favour. Constantine and Fausta had been betrothed since 293.

      Fausta had a part in her father's downfall. In 310 Maximian died as a consequence of an assassination plot against Constantine. Maximian decided to involve his daughter Fausta, but she revealed the plot to her husband, and the assassination was disrupted. Maximian died, by suicide or by assassination, in July of that same year.

      Empress Fausta was held in high esteem by Constantine, and proof of his favour was that in 323 she was proclaimed Augusta; previously she held the title of Nobilissima Femina. However three years later Fausta was put to death by Constantine, following the execution of Crispus, his eldest son by Minervina, in 326. The two deaths have been inter-related in various ways; in one, Fausta is set jealously against Crispus, as in the anonymous Epitome de Caesaribus,[1] or conversely her adultery, perhaps with the stepson who was close to her in age, is suggested. Fausta was executed by suffocation in an over-heated bath,[2] a mode of assassination not otherwise attested in the Roman world. David Woods offers the connection of overheated bathing with contemporaneous techniques of abortion,[3] a suggestion that implies an unwanted, adulterous pregnancy according to Constantine's biographer Paul Stephenson.[4]

      The Emperor ordered the damnatio memoriae of his wife with the result that no contemporary source records details of her fate: "Eusebius, ever the sycophant, mentions neither Crispus nor Fausta in his Life of Constantine, and even wrote Crispus out of the final version of his Ecclesiastical History (HE X.9.4)", Constantine's biographer Paul Stephenson observes.[5]

      Significantly, her sons, once in power, never revoked this order. Her sons became Roman Emperors: Constantine II, probably an illegitimate son of Constantine, and thus her stepson[6], reigned 337 - 340, Constantius II reigned 337 - 361, and Constans reigned 337 - 350. She also bore three daughters Constantina, Helena and Fausta. Of these, Constantina married her cousins, firstly Hannibalianus and secondly Constantius Gallus, and Helena married Emperor Julian. Apparently a genealogical claim that her daughter Fausta became mother of Emperor Valentinian I is without foundation (Valentinian I and children of Constantine I's second marriage were born in years close to each other, i.e., they were of the same generation).


      1. 41.11-12; According to some sources, she had accused Crispus of rape, and Constantine had Crispus executed. Stephenson remarks that if Fausta had reported a false tale of treachery and was killed in Constantine's subsequent remorse, the damnatio memoriae against Crispus was not in fact repealed.
      2. Roman Emperors - DIR Fausta
      3. Woods,"On the death of the empress Fausta", Greece and Rome 45 (1998:70-86).
      4. Stephenson 2010:222.
      5. Stephenson, Constantine, Roman Emperor, Christian Victor, 2010:220.
      6. Jones, AH.M., Martindale, J.R. The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Vol. I: AD260-395, Cambridge University Press, 1971.

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