Ellis-Pagoria Family History
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Eber (Heber 'Aybar) ibn Shelah King of Babylon
Male 2277 BC - 1813 BC

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  • Birth  2277 BC 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  1813 BC 
    Person ID  I16703  Ellis-Pagoria Family Tree
    Last Modified  23 Dec 2012 
    Father  Shelah (ben Cainan) of Chaldea King of Babylon,   b. 2307 BC,   d. 1874 BC 
    Mother  Mu'ak of Ur 
    Family ID  F6444  Group Sheet
    Family  Azurad bint Nebrod 
     1. Phaleg (Peleg)(Phalec) (Falikh) King of Babylon,   b. 2243 BC, Shinar Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2004 BC
     2. Yoktan,   b. 2267 BC
    Family ID  F6443  Group Sheet
  • Notes 
    • Audrey Maxine Ellis' 77th Great Grandfather

      King of BABYLON; of CHALDEA; eponym of the HEBREWS; `Be high gift from God'; poss. aka Ibiranu I (King) of UGARIT; aka Hud (4th Prophet of ISLAM); (according to the Koran, by Hud's time man had forgotten the lesson of the Great Flood, so Allah sent a Great Drought with few survivors)
      Born: abt. 2277 BC Died: abt. 1813 BC

      Eber (?????, ISO 259-3 ?ebr, Standard Hebrew ╔ver, Tiberian Hebrew ?E?er) is an ancestor of the Israelites, according to the "Table of Nations" in Genesis 10-11 and 1 Chronicles 1. He was a great-grandson of Noah's son Shem and the father of Peleg born when Eber was 34 years old, and of Joktan. He was the son of Shelah a distant ancestor of Abraham. According to the Hebrew Bible, Eber died at the age of 464 (Genesis 11:14-17) when Jacob was 20. The Hebrew Calendar synchronises this date with 1817 BCE.

      In the Septuagint and other Christian Bibles derived from it, Eber is called Heber and his father is called Sala. His son is called Phaleg, born when Heber was 134 years old, and he had other sons and daughters. Heber lived to an age of 404 years. (Septuagint Genesis 11:14-17)

      In Jewish tradition, Eber, the great-grandson of Shem, refused to help with the building of the Tower of Babel, so his language was not confused when it was abandoned. He and his family alone retained the original human language, Hebrew, a language named after Eber (Heber), also called lingua humana in Latin. (There are different religious positions on this issue; see also Adamic language.)

      [Genesis 10:21] Also to Shem, the father of all the Children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born. (NASB)
      In some translations of the New Testament, he is referred to once as Heber ([Luke 3:35] ...the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Heber, the son of Salah...); however, he should not be confused with the Heber of the Old Testament (different Hebrew spelling ???), grandson of Asher ([Genesis 46:17] The sons of Asher: Imnah and Ishvah and Ishvi and Beriah and their sister Serah. And the sons of Beriah: Heber and Malchiel).

      Theories about Eber

      There is a legend that the Avars were descendants of Eber[citation needed] through children of Abraham and his third (or second, as the Talmud identifies her with Hagar) wife Keturah.

      Linguistic association of "Eber", "Heber" and "Hebrew"

      In the King James Version (KJV) of the Old Testament, the name "Eber" is used, while in the KJV New Testament, "Heber" is used instead, each referring to the same person. And in both KJV books, the word "Hebrew" refers to the descendants of this person. The confusion between "Eber" and "Heber" lies in transcriptional misunderstandings through ongoing layers of Biblical translation, as well as the differentiated cultural origins of the Old and New Testaments.

      The origin of the names for Eber and the Hebrews, as used in European Christian languages, derived from Aramaic ??? ?E?er and ???? ?I?ray, as spoken in the Roman province of Judaea and by those Jews who escaped the province's destruction. When Greek-writing Jewish scholars compiled the Septuagint, the adaptations chosen for these names (for whatever reason) were ?▀e? Heber and ?▀?a??? Hebraios. These names were adapted through Latin and French before reaching English as "Heber" and "Hebrew", and these names were used in the KJV New Testament.

      However, the KJV Old Testament was largely translated not from Greek and Latin sources, but from existing Hebrew texts accessible to scholars at the time, employing a uniquely Anglo-Saxon method of adapting Hebrew words and names. As such, in the Old Testament, "Eber" was used without the H, likely reflecting the common Hebrew dialects used among the Jews of Europe. However, the KJV translators chose to use the New Testament name "Hebrew" (instead of "Ibrite" or "Eberite") as the canonical term for the descendants of Eber in the Old Testament as well, likely to avoid confusing lay readers.

      As the King James Version of the Bible became the primary Christian scripture of Great Britain, the association of "Eber" with "Hebrew" in the English-speaking religious world became a permanent phenomenon.

      Other than Jewish sources can be found in the ancient Irish history, here a clear story can be found on the relation between Eber and the Hebrew language.Template:Saint Augustine, City of God, 16:11

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