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Sir Henry Hobart
Male 1658 - 1698

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  • Title  Sir 
    Birth  1658  Blickling, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  21 Aug 1698  Cawston Heath/Blickling Hall Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried  26 Aug 1698  Blickling, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I4055  Ellis-Pagoria Family Tree
    Last Modified  23 Dec 2012 
     
    Father  John Hobart,   b. 1625,   d. 22 Aug 1683 
    Mother  Mary Hampden,   b. 01 May 1630, Great Hampden, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 02 May 1689 
    Married  Jun 1656  St. Gilesinfield, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F1897  Group Sheet
     
    Father  John Hobart,   b. 1625,   d. 22 Aug 1683 
    Mother  Philippa Hobart,   b. 1629, Norwich, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jan 1655, Blickling, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F1896  Group Sheet
     
    Family  Elizabeth Maynard,   b. 1667, Clifton Reynes, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1701, Gunnesbury, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  17 Jun 1684  St. Gilesinfield, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Dorothy Hobart,   b. 1695, Blickling, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1722
     2. Catherine Hobart,   b. 1698, Blickling, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 06 Feb 1725
     3. John Hobart,   b. 11 Oct 1693, Blickling, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Sep 1756, St. James Square, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Henrietta Hobart,   b. 11 May 1689, Blickling, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Oct 1767, Marble Hill, Twickenham, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F1899  Group Sheet
     
  • Photos 062928_1174.jpg
     
  • Notes 
    • Sir Henry Hobart, 4th Baronet inherited many debts along with Blickling which was at the time mortgaged to John White a London merchant. Henry married Elizabeth Maynard, co-heir of Sir John Maynard, and it was her 10,000 pound dowry which released Blickling from its mortgage.

      The Cawston Dueling Stone
      On 21st August 1698, the clash of steel on steel rang out across Cawston Heath in Norfolk. The two antagonists were a forty year old MP Sir Henry Hobart, 4th Baronet of Blickling Hall in Norfolk and the other Sir Oliver le Neve a lawyer aged thirty-six of Great Witchingham Hall of Norfolk. It should have been no contest as Sir Hobart had a reputation of being a fine swordsman whilst Nev although a great sportsman, preferred the pursuit of drinking and fishing to that of swordsmanship.

      Hobart managed to wound le Neve (who was left handed) in the arm but his sword is said to have gotten tangled up in le Neve's coat so that Neve was able to retaliate by driving his sword into Hobart's belly, mortally wounding the MP.

      Sir Henry who had been knighted at the tender age of 13 by King Charles II was a member of parliament for the Whig party and represented the two of Kings Lynn. However, it seems that 'sleaze' abounded even in the 17th century and during the 1698 elections rumors began to circulate about Sir Henry and his conduct at the Battle of the Boyne, which the gossips said had been both cowardly and dishonorable, resulting in Sir Henry not being re-elected.

      After some enquiries, Sir Hobart reached the conclusion that the person spreading the rumors had been Sir Oliver le Neve, who was himself a membr of the Tory party and therefore in opposition to the Whig's.

      Unlike today, Sir Hobart resorted to issuing a challenge to Sir le Neve to a duel, though Oliver le Neve protested his innocence of Sir Henry's allegations.

      The day after the duel at Blickling Hall, Sir Henry Hobart died of his wounds. The newly widowed Lady Hobart set about offering a reward for the apprehension of le Neve.

      Le Neve had already fled to Holland as the duel had been illegal as no seconds had been present. Here he remained for the next two years, only returning when he believed that he would receive a fair trial, which he did and was acquitted.

      So it was that he was able to return to Great Witchingham, his wife and the life of a country squire. His first marriage had been to Anne Gawdy of West Harling who had died in childbirth in 1695.

      He then went on to marry Jane Knyvet in June of 1698 and therefore had only been married some few months at the time of the duel. His second wife died in 1703 or 1704. So le Neve with the help of a friend set about finding Mrs. le Neve number three. As with his previous wives, money was the main reason for his decision on whom to marry. His third and final wife was Elizabeth Sheffield the elder daughter of Robert sheffield of Kensington who stood to inherit between 3,000 and 4,000 pounds. She died suddenly barely three months after her wedding day on 8th November 1707.

      Le Neve's only surviving sone (from his first marriage) is believed to have had learning difficulties and did not succeed to his father's acquired wealth, dying just a few months before his fathers own death. At age 49, on 23rd November 1711, Sir Oliver le Neve died. He is buried in the chancel of Great Witchingham Church along with his three wives.

      To commemorate the duel, which is said to have been witnessed by a serving girl hiding in the bushes, a stone was erected on the site of the duel. This was later moved to the garden of the Woodrow Inn on the B1149 Norwich to Corpusty road. The inn alas is no more and is now a petrol filling station. The little plot of land in which the dueling stone now resides is managed by the National Trust. This was the last duel to be fought in Norfolk.

      According to legend and the National Trusts own reports, Sir Henry Hobart's dying groans are sometimes heard at the Jacobean Hall of Blickling, where he passed away.

      Great Witchingham Hall was purchased by an auctioneers clerk in 1955 for just 3,000 pounds. The Elizabethan manor house set in thirty acres of land was very dilapidated. The aucioneers clerk proceeded to fill thiry five of the halls rooms with turkeys. His name was Bernard Matthews.

      Sir Henry Hobart, 4th Bt. (M)
      b. circa 1658, d. 21 August 1698, #33132
      Pedigree

      Father Sir John Hobart, 3rd Bt.1 b. 20 March 1627/28, d. 22 August 1683
      Mother Mary Hampden1 b. 1 May 1630, d. before 2 May 1689

      Last Edited 19 Jun 2006

      Sir Henry Hobart, 4th Bt. was born circa 1658.1 He was the son of Sir John Hobart, 3rd Bt. and Mary Hampden.1 He married Elizabeth Maynard, daughter of Joseph Maynard and Mary Mosley, on 9 July 1684.2 He died on 21 August 1698 in Cawston Heath, England, killed in a duel with Oliver Le Neve (who was found guilty of manslaughter).1 He was buried on 26 August 1698 in Blickling, Norfolk, England.1 His will (dated 21 August 1698) was probated on 11 August 1699.1
      Sir Henry Hobart, 4th Bt. was invested as a Knight on 29 September 1671 Blickling, Norfolk, by King Charles II.1 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Lynn in 1681.1 He gained the title of 4th Baronet Hobart, of Intwood, Norfolk [E., 1611] on 22 August 1683.1 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Norfolk from 1689 to 1690.1 He gained the rank of General of the Horse in the service of the army of King William III.1 He fought in the Battle of the Boyne in 1690, where he was Equerry to King William III.2 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Beeralston from 1694 to 1695.1 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Norfolk between 1695 and 1698.1

      Family Elizabeth Maynard b. circa 1667, d. 22 August 1701
      Children Catherine Hobart d. 2 Jun 17252
      Henrietta Hobart+ b. c 1681, d. 26 Jul 17673
      Sir John Hobart, 1st Earl of Buckinghamshire+ b. 11 Oct 1693, d. 22 Sep 17562

      Citations [S15] George Edward Cokayne, editor, The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume I, page 13. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Baronetage.
      [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 576. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
      [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 1, page 350.