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101 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 7th Cousin 1 x Removed Bertha Lovisa Allen
 
102 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 8th Cousin Deborah M. Allen
 
103 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 8th Cousin Elizabeth Allen
 
104 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 4th Cousin 5 x Removed John Allen
 
105 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 4th Cousin 5 x Removed Jonathan Allen
 
106 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 8th Cousin Joseph William Allen
 
107 Birth: May 17, 1917
Death: Aug. 25, 2010

Lawrence Rodney Allen of Jackson, Michigan passed into the presence of his Lord and Saviour on Wednesday August 25, 2010, at the age of 93.

Wetherby's Funeral Home in Jackson, in charge of arrangements. The funeral service will be held at the Rives Baptist Church on 2800 Berry Rd, Rives Junction with Pastor Dyke Cyphers officiating.

Interment will be at Draper Cemetery.

Lawrence was born in Blackman Township, Michigan on May 17, 1917 to Arlo and Eunice Allen. He attended Leslie High School.

He married Wilma Reynolds of Tompkins Township on May 25, 1940. Their wedding announcement at the time wished "them a long, happy, and prosperous life with many blessings and few clouds to dim their life's sunshine". These blessings were realized over their almost 69 years of marriage.

Lawrence was a successful and respected dairy farmer from 1940 to 1976 and crop farmer from 1940 to 2008. He served on the Michigan Milk Producers Association board and Leslie Co-Op Mill board.

He and his wife raised four daughters. He was a faithful and loving example of a godly husband and father living his faith in God and Jesus Christ before his wife, his daughters and their families. He was a member of the Rives Baptist Church where he also served as a trustee and deacon.

Surviving Lawrence are three daughters, Margaret Withey of Grand Blanc, Mi., Doris (John) Gibbs of Jackson, Phyllis (James) Lindstrom of Jackson, son in law Larry Rowley; eighteen grandchildren and twenty-four great grandchildren, brother Eugene (Norma) Allen; and a host of nieces, nephews and special friends.

Lawrence was preceded in death by his wife Wilma, daughter, Barbara Rowley,
son-in-law Raymond Withey, sister Mildred Fellows, and parents Arlo and Eunice Allen.

The family wishes to thank all those at Vista Grand Villa Nursing Facility, Allegiance Hospital, Great Lakes Health Care and especially the loving and faithful care of the Right at Home caregivers who have provided wonderful care to him over the past several years.

In lieu of flowers, the family has request donations be made to a Rives Baptist Church memorial fund.
 
Lawrence Rodney Allen
 
108 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 4th Cousin 5 x Removed Oliver Allen
 
109 Capt. Josiah Standish, son of Capt. Myles Standish, was born abt 1633 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts. He died on 19 March 1690 in Preston, New London County, Connecticut. A Captain in the Plymouth Colony Militia who participated in King Philip's War, Standish, along with Captain Benjamin Church, led a raiding party that tracked the Wampanoag chief, Metacomet to Mt. Hope, Rhode Island. Finding the chief hiding in a swamp, one of his men, an Indian named John Alderman shot Metacomet.

He married first in 1656 Mary Dingley of Marshfield, MA who died 6 months later, second he married Sarah Allen (daughter of Samuel Allen) around 1660. Josiah and Sarah Standish children: Josiah, (Reverend, lived/died in Stafford, CT) Mary, Mehitable, Martha, Samuel, Israel, Lois and Mercy Standish (Mercy[dau. of Rev. Josiah Standish of Stafford, CT], m. Rev. Eleazer Wheelock, b. 1711,of Windham, CT, who founded Dartmouth College).

Name: Josiah Standish
Gender: Male
Birth Place: MA
Birth Year: 1633
Spouse Name: Sarah Allen
Spouse
Birth Place: MA
Spouse Birth Year: 1639
Marriage
Year: Mar
Number Pages: 1

Source Citation: Source number: 1969.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: LSS.

Source Information:

Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.
Original data: This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was derived from 
Sarah Allen
 
110 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 31st Great Grandfather

Hugh (or Hugo) (c. 780 - 20 October 837) was the count of Tours and Sens during the reigns of Charlemagne and Louis the Pious, until his disgrace in February 828. He was probably a son of Count Luitfrid II d'Alsace of the House of the Etichonen and Hiltrude, daughter of Carloman Martel. His wife was [Ava of Paris].

Hugh had many possessions in Alsace, as well as the County of Sens. He also held the convent of St-Julien-d'Auxerre. He appeared in 811 as an envoy or ambasciator to Constantinople with Haido, Bishop of Basel, and Aio, Duke of Friuli, to renew the Pax Nicephori. In 821, he allied himself by marriage to the royal family; his daughter Ermengard married Louis' son Lothair. In 824, he took part in an expedition in Brittany and, in 826, he accompanied the Empress Judith to the baptism of Harald Klak in Ingelheim. His other daughter, Adelaide, married Conrad I, Count of Auxerre (died 862).[1] She is sometimes said to have taken as her second husband Robert the Strong. She was dead by 886, when Walahfrid Strabo included her epitaph in a poem of his.

In 827, Hugh, along with Matfrid of Orléans, was commissioned by Louis to recruit an army with his son Pepin I of Aquitaine and repel the invasion of the Marca Hispanica by the Moslem general Abu Marwan. Hugh and Matfrid delayed until the threat had passed. For this he was given the nickname Timidus or the Timid. Barcelona being the greatest military accomplishment of Louis' career, the Spanish March meant much to him and Hugh and Matfrid found themselves greatly disfavoured at court. They were deposed in February of the next year.

He remained very influential as the father-in-law of Lothair. He joined Matfrid in inciting Lothair to rebellion and had all his lands confiscated in Gaul. He remained highly influential in Italy, where Lothair created him "duke of Locate" (dux de Locate).

Sources
Lexikon des Mittelalters.
Cawley, Charles, Medieval Lands Project on the family of Hugh of Tours, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012,[better source needed]

Notes

1.^ The Miraculis Sancti Germani records the marriage of Adheleid with Chuonradus princeps.

Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.
 
Hugues II Count of Upper Alsace
 
111 Tomb, Alston Family Cemetery @ The Oaks Plantation. Inscription: Sacred to the Memory of Joseph & Theodosia Burr Alston and their Son Aaron Burr Alston The last died in June 1812, at the age of 10 years and his remains are interred here. The disconsolate Mother perished a few Months after at Sea. And on the 10th Sept. 1816 died the Father when but little over 37 years of age whose remains rest here with the Son's. The life of this Citizen was common one to the States, To its service he devoted himself from his early years. On the floors of its Legislature, he was distinguished for his extensive information & his transcendent eloquence in the chair of the House of Representatives, for his impartial correct decisions & every where he was distinguished for his zealous attachments to his republican principles. In the capacity of Chief Magistrate of the State when bothe the honour and the responsibility of the Office were heightened by the difficulties and dangers of the War of 1812 he by his indomitable activity & his Salutary measures earned new titles to the respect & gratitude of his fellow citizens. This great man was also a good one. He met Death with that fortitude with which his Ancestor did from whom he received his name & this estate & which is to be found only in the good hoping to rejoin those whose loss had left in his heart and 'aching void,' that nothing on earth could fill. Joseph Alston
 
112 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 3rd Cousin 3 x Removed Edwin Alvord
 
113 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 3rd Cousin 3 x Removed Ellen Alvord
 
114 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 3rd Cousin 3 x Removed Ida Alvord
 
115 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 4th Cousin 1 x Removed Aldelbert S. Ames
 
116 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 4th Cousin 1 x Removed Bertram C. Ames
 
117 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 7th Great Grandmother Hannah Ames
 
118 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 10th Great Grandfather John Ames
 
119 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 9th Great Grandfather John Ames
 
120 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 5th Great Grandmother Martha Ames
 
121 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 4th Cousin 1 x Removed Merton L. Ames
 
122 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 4th Cousin 1 x Removed Rena Ames
 
123 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 4th Cousin 1 x Removed Stephen Ellis Ames
 
124 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 8th Great Grandfather William Ames
 
125 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 25th Great Grandmother Ada of Amiens
 
126 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 30th Great Grandfather Richard I Count of Amiens
 
127 10th wife of David
 
Bathsheba (Bathshua) bat Ammiel
 
128 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 44th Great Grandmother Anastasia
 
129 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 23rd Great Grandfather

Berthold III, Count of Andechs (c.?1110/1122[1][2] - December 14, 1188) was the Margrave of Istria as Berthold I from 1173 until 1188. He was the son of Berthold III, Count of Diessen, Plassenberg and Stein (died 1151) and his first wife Sophie of Istria.

In 1173, he became the Margrave of Istria, succeeding Engelbert III, who had been the last Margrave from the House of Sponheim.

Marriage and issue

Berthold III was married twice. In 1152 he married Hedwig of Wittelsbach, daughter of Otto IV, Count of Wittelsbach, Count Palatine of Bavaria and Heilika of Pettendorf-Lengenfeld-Hopfenohe.[1] They had four children:
1.Berthold IV, Duke of Merania (1153-1204).
2.Sophia (died 1218). Married Poppo VI, Count of Henneberg (died c. 1190).
3.Kunigunde (died after 1207). Possibly married Eberhard, Count of Eberstein.
4.Matilda, Countess of Pisino (died 1245). Married Berthold, Margrave of Vohburg. In c. 1190 married secondly Engelbert III, Count of Gorizia (died 1217/20).

His second wife became in c. 1180 princess Luitgard of Denmark, daughter of king Sweyn III of Denmark and Adela of Meissen.[1] They had two children:
1.Poppo, Bishop of Bamberg (died December 2, 1245).
2.Berta, Abbess in Gerbstadt (died 1190).

References

1.^ a b c http://genealogy.euweb.cz/german/diessen1.html
2.^ http://www.genealogie-mittelalter.de/andechs_diessener/berthold_5_graf_von_andechs_diessen_+_1188.html

Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.
 
Berthold V Count of Andechs
 
130 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 21st Great Grandmother

Gertrude of Merania (1185 - 24 September 1213) was the first wife of King Andrew II of Hungary and thereby Queen consort of Hungary from 1205 until her assassination. She was regent in Hungary during the absence of her spouse.

Family

She was the daughter of the Bavarian Count Berthold IV of Andechs, who had been elevated to a Duke of Merania by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and his wife Agnes from the Saxon House of Wettin. Gertrude's elder sister was Agnes of Merania, a famous beauty, who married King Philip II of France. Her younger sister was St. Hedwig of Silesia, wife of the Piast duke Henry I the Bearded, the later High Duke of Poland. Their brother was Otto, who succeeded his father as Duke of Merania.

Gertrude's mother, Agnes of Wettin was a granddaughter of Margrave Conrad of Meissen and a great-great granddaughter of the Hohenstaufen duke Frederick I of Swabia and his wife Agnes of Germany.[2], herself a daughter of Emperor Henry IV and Bertha of Savoy.

Gertude's paternal grandparents were Count Berthold III of Andechs, Margrave of Istria and his wife Hedwig from the House of Wittelsbach at Scheyern, a descendant of King Béla I of Hungary, through his daughter, Sophia of Hungary.

Marriage

Her parents wanted their daughters to all make important political marriages, which would create alliances for Duke Berthold IV. Gertrude married the Árpád prince Andrew II, younger son of late King Béla III of Hungary, before 1203. Andrew thereby took sides in the conflict over the German throne, joining his father-in-law in his support of Duke Philip of Swabia, while his elder brother King Emeric of Hungary backed King Otto IV of Germany. The couple had five children:
Anna Maria of Hungary (c. 1204 - 1237), wife of Tzar Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria
King Béla IV of Hungary (1206 - 3 May 1270)
Saint Elisabeth of Hungary (1207 - 10 November 1231), wife of Landgraf Louis IV of Thuringia
King Coloman of Galicia-Lodomeria (1208 - June 1241)
Prince Andrew II of Halych (c. 1210 - 1234)

Ambitious Gertrude exerted much political influence over her husband. It was probably she who persuaded Andrew to conspire against his brother again, but when King Emeric, who had realised that Andrew's troops outnumbered his armies, went unarmed, wearing only the crown and the sceptre, to Andrew's camp near Varasd, Andrew surrendered voluntarily on the spur of the scene. The king had his brother arrested, but Andrew managed to escape shortly afterwards. During this time, Gertrude was sent back to her father. Things improved for her, when Prince Andrew took over the government of the Hungarian kingdom upon the death of King Emeric in 1204, officially as regent for his minor nephew Ladislaus III, who nevertheless died driven in exile one year later.

Murder

Gertrude was killed in 1213, by Hungarian noblemen (magnates), who were jealous over the advancement of her German relatives at court. The terms Nobilissimus (most noble) and nobilissima familia (most noble family) have been used since the 11th century for the King of Hungary and his family, but it were then only a few, among them also Gertrude, which were mentioned in official documents as such.

While the king was in battle, Gertrude gave out Hungarian land as "gifts" to her favorites. According to medieval chroniclers, one third of the country was given away but the magnates got it back after the queen's death. Thus, Hungary did not prosper. During the frequent absence of her husband, the queen was regent and, as Dietrich von Apolda states, conducted the affairs of the kingdom "like a man". In 1206 her younger brother Berthold was installed as Archbishop of Kalocsa, in 1212 he was also appointed Voivode of Transylvania.

While King Andrew was campaigning Galicia, the Hungarian nobles decided to get rid of the queen and in 1213 on a hunt with Berthold and their guest Duke Leopold VI of Austria in the Pilis Mountains, she was killed. Gertrude's body was torn to pieces, her brother and Duke Leopold narrowly escaped with their lives. Due to the current political situation most of her murderers remained unpunished during the rule of Andrew II. Only Gertrude's son King Béla IV took revenge after his accession to the throne.

Gertrude's tomb was of a Gothic style. Her tomb was excavated between 1967 and 1980.[3]

On Gertrude's death, Andrew married Yolanda de Courtenay.

In Media

She is the main character in Ferenc Erkel's opera, Bánk bán. It is based on a true fact: Lord Bánk, a nobleman went to battle with the king. His young wife stayed at home. Gertrude's brother fell in love with the young woman but she was afraid of him. Gertude encouraged her brother. When Lord Bánk heard of this, he was very angry and he was leader of the group of men that killed the queen. Her brother fled for his life.

References

1.^ http://mek.niif.hu/00300/00355/html/index.html
2.^ Ancestors of Gertrud von Andechs (Sainte Gertrude)
3.^ Translation from German Wikipedia, with further sources

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Gertrude Countess of Andechs
 
131 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 7th Cousin Elizabeth M. Anderson
 
132 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 7th Cousin Larz Anderson
 
133 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 7th Cousin Richard Hannaford Anderson
 
134 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 7th Cousin Robert A. Anderson
 
135 Buried next to her husband Ernst Henry Jarke.

Shirley's Obituary in the Pantagraph from December 16, 1992 reads as follows: Shirley A. Jarke, 74, of Omaha, Neb., wife of a former Bloomington man, died at 9:35 p.m. Sunday (Dec. 13, 1992) at Methodist Hospital, Omaha. Her funeral will be at 1 P.M. Thursday at Roeder Mortuary, 2727 N. 108th St. Omaha. Burial will be in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Omaha. Visitation will be from 7 to 9 tonight at the mortuary. Among survivors is her husband, Ernst H. Jarke, 4827 N. 113th Court, Omaha, Neb. Mr. Jarke attended University High School and Illinois Weslyan. 
Shirley Ann Anderson
 
136 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 39th Great Grandfather Heidrek "Ulfhamr" Angantyrsson
 
137 Theodora Angelina (d. 22/23 June 1246[1]) was the wife of Leopold VI of Austria, by whom she had several children.

Life

Birth and parentage and early life

Theodora is believed to have been born sometime around 1180/5 in Constantinople to parents whose identities are uncertain. However, it is known that one of her grandmothers was a daughter of a Byzantine Emperor.[2] As such, Theodora may have been a daughter of John Doukas (son of Andronikos Angelos)[3] or else a daughter of one of Andronikos Angelos's daughters.[1]

Marriage and later life

In 1203, Theodora married a distant cousin, Leopold VI, Duke of Austria.[4] Her husband died in 1230 and she subsequently became a nun. She died in 1246.[1]

Leopold and Theodora had seven children:
1.Margaret, Duchess of Austria (1204 - February 28, 1266)
2.Agnes of Austria (February 19, 1205 - August 29, 1226)
3.Leopold of Austria (1207-1216)
4.Henry of Austria (1208 - November 28, 1228)
5.Gertrude of Austria (1210-1241)
6.Frederick II, Duke of Austria (25 April 1211 - June 15, 1246)
7.Constantia of Austria (April 6, 1212 - June 5, 1243)

[edit] Footnotes

1.^ a b c Cawley, Charles, Byzantium 2: Theodora Adied 1246, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012,[self-published source][better source needed]
2.^ Continuatio Admuntensis 1203, MGH SS IX, p. 590, which refers to her as "Constantinopolitani imperatoris ex filia neptem"
3.^ ES II 179
4.^ Annales Mellicenses 1203, MGH SS IX, p. 506

[edit] References
Schwennicke, D., Europäische Stammtafeln (ES) (1984-2002)
Cawley, Charles, BYZANTIUM: Theodora Adied 1246, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012,[self-published source][better source needed]
Johannes Preiser-Kapeller, Von Ostarrichi an den Bosporus. Ein Überblick zu den BeziehungenMittelalter (From Ostarrichi to the Bosporus: an overview of relations in the Middle Ages), in: Pro Oriente Jahrbuch 2010. Vienna 2011, p. 66-77 (online: http://oeaw.academia.edu/JohannesPreiserKapeller/Papers/640940/Von_Ostarrichi_an_den_Bosporus._Ein_Uberblick_zu_den_Beziehungen_im_Mittelalter_From_Ostarrichi_to_the_Bosporus_an_overview_of_relations_in_the_Middle_Ages_)
 
Theodora Angelina
 
138 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 22nd Great Grandfather

Alexios III Angelos (Greek: ??????? G' ???e???) (c. 1153-1211) was Byzantine Emperor from 1195 to 1203.

Early life

Alexios III Angelos was the second son of Andronikos Angelos and Euphrosyne Kastamonitissa. Andronicus was himself a son of Theodora Komnene Angelina, the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina. Thus Alexios Angelos was a member of the extended imperial family. Together with his father and brothers, Alexios had conspired against Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos (c. 1183), and thus he spent several years in exile in Muslim courts, including that of Saladin.

His younger brother Isaac was threatened with execution under orders of their first-cousin once-removed Andronikos I Komnenos on September 11, 1185. Isaac made a desperate attack on the imperial agents and killed their leader Stephen Hagiochristophorites. He then took refuge in the church of Hagia Sophia and from there appealed to the populace. His actions provoked a riot, which resulted in the deposition of Andronikos I and the proclamation of Isaac as Emperor. Alexios was now closer to the imperial throne than ever before.

Reign

By 1190 Alexios Angelos had returned to the court of his younger brother, from whom he received the elevated title of sebastokrator. In 1195, while Isaac II was away hunting in Thrace, Alexios was acclaimed as emperor by the troops with the conniving of Alexios' wife Euphrosyne Doukaina Kamatera. Alexios captured Isaac at Stagira in Macedonia, put out his eyes, and thenceforth kept him a close prisoner, though he had been redeemed by him from captivity at Antioch and loaded with honours.

To compensate for this crime and to solidify his position as emperor, Alexios had to scatter money so lavishly as to empty his treasury, and to allow such licence to the officers of the army as to leave the Empire practically defenceless. He thus consummated the financial ruin of the state. At Christmas 1196, Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI attempted to force Alexios III to pay him a tribute of 5,000 pounds (later negotiated down to 1,600 pounds) of gold or face invasion. Alexios gathered the money by plundering imperial tombs at the church of the Holy Apostles, though Henry's death in September 1197 meant the gold was never despatched. The able and forceful empress Euphrosyne tried in vain to sustain his credit and his court; Vatatzes, the favourite instrument of her attempts at reform, was assassinated by the emperor's orders.

In the east the Empire was overrun by the Seljuk Turks; from the north Bulgarians and Vlachs descended unchecked to ravage the plains of Macedonia and Thrace, and Kaloyan of Bulgaria annexed several important cities, while Alexios squandered the public treasure on his palaces and gardens and attempted to deal with the crisis through diplomatic means. The Emperor's attempts to bolster the empire's defenses by special concessions to Byzantine and Bulgarian notables in the frontier zone backfired, as the latter built up regional autonomy. Byzantine authority survived, but in a much weakened state.

Fourth Crusade

Soon Alexios III was threatened by a new and yet more formidable danger. In 1202, soldiers assembled at Venice launched the Fourth Crusade. Alexios IV Angelos, the son of the deposed Isaac II, had recently escaped from Constantinople and now appealed to the crusaders, promising to end the schism of East and West, to pay for their transport, and to provide military support to the crusaders if they helped him to depose his uncle and sit on his father's throne.

The crusaders, whose objective had been Egypt, were persuaded to set their course for Constantinople before which they appeared in June 1203, proclaiming Alexios IV as Emperor and inviting the populace of the capital to depose his uncle. Alexios III took no efficient measures to resist, and his attempts to bribe the crusaders failed. His son-in-law, Theodore Laskaris, who was the only one to attempt anything significant, was defeated at Scutari, and the siege of Constantinople began. Unfortunately for Constantinople, Alexios III's misgovernment had left the Byzantine navy with only 20 worm-eaten hulks by the time the Crusaders arrived.

In July, the crusaders, led by the aged Doge Enrico Dandolo, scaled the walls and took control of a major section. In the ensuing fighting, the crusaders set the city on fire, ultimately leaving 20,000 people homeless. Alexios III finally took action, and led 17 divisions from the St. Romanus Gate, vastly outnumbering the crusaders. But his courage failed, and the Byzantine army returned to the city without a fight. His courtiers demanded action, and Alexios III promised to fight. Instead, that night (July 17/18), Alexios III hid in the palace, and finally, with one of his daughters, Eirene, and such treasures (1,000 pounds of gold) as he could collect, got into a boat and escaped to Debeltos in Thrace, leaving his wife and his other daughters behind. Isaac II, drawn from his prison and robed once more in the imperial purple, received his son, Alexios IV, in state.

Life in exile

Alexios attempted to organize a resistance to the new regime from Adrianople and then Mosynopolis, where he was joined by the later usurper Alexios V Doukas Mourtzouphlos in April 1204, after the definitive fall of Constantinople to the crusaders and the establishment of the Latin Empire.

At first Alexios III received Alexios V well, even allowing him to marry his daughter Eudokia Angelina. Later Alexios V was blinded and deserted by his father-in-law, who fled from the crusaders into Thessaly. Here Alexios III eventually surrendered, with Euphrosyne, to Marquis Boniface of Montferrat, who was establishing himself as ruler of the Kingdom of Thessalonica.

Trying to escape Boniface's "protection", Alexios III attempted to seek shelter with Michael I Komnenos Doukas, the ruler of Epirus, in 1205. Captured by Boniface, Alexios and his retinue were sent to Montferrat, before being brought back to Thessalonica in c. 1209. At that point the deposed emperor was ransomed by Michael I of Epirus, who sent him to Asia Minor, where Alexios' son-in-law Theodore I Laskaris of the Empire of Nicaea was holding his own against the Latins.

Here Alexios III conspired against his son-in-law after the latter refused to recognize Alexios' authority, and received the support of Kay Khusrau I, the sultan of Rûm. In the battle of Antioch on the Maeander in 1211, the sultan was defeated and killed, and Alexios III was captured by Theodore Laskaris. Alexius III was then confined to a monastery at Nicaea, where he died later in 1211.

Family

By his marriage to Euphrosyne Doukaina Kamatera Alexios had three daughters:
Eirene Angelina, who married (1) Andronikos Kontostephanos, and (2) Alexios Palaiologos, by whom she was the grandmother of Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos.
Anna Angelina, who married (1) the sebastokrator Isaac Komnenos, great-nephew of emperor Manuel I Komnenos, and (2) Theodore Laskaris, emperor of Nicaea.
Eudokia Angelina, who married (1) King Stefan I Prvovencani of Serbia, then (2) Emperor Alexios V Doukas, and (3) Leo Sgouros, ruler of Corinth.

References

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Michael Angold, The Byzantine Empire, 1025-1204: A Political History, second edition (London and New York, 1997)
C.M. Brand, Byzantium Confronts the West (Cambridge, MA, 1968)
Jonathan Harris, Byzantium and the Crusades (London and New York, 2003)
Jonathan Harris, Constantinople: Capital of Byzantium (London and New York, 2007)
The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (Oxford, 1991), 3 vols.
K. Varzos, E genealogia ton Komnenon (Thessalonica, 1984)
Plate, William (1867). "Alexios III Angelos". In William Smith. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 130.

Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. 
Alexius III Angelos
 
139 Admiral of Sicily
 
Constantinus Emperor Angelos
 
140 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 47th Great Grandfather Casere Odinsson of the Angles
 
141 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 46th Great Grandfather Tytmon of the Angles
 
142 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 24th Great Grandmother Ermengarde Countess of Anjou
 
143 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 28th Great Grandfather Foulques I "le Roux" Count of Anjou
 
144 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 27th Great Grandfather
 
Foulques II "le Bon" Count of Anjou
 
145 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 23rd Great Grandfather

Fulk IV (in French Foulques IV) (1043 - 14 April 1109), called le Réchin, was the Count of Anjou from 1068 until his death.[1][2] The nickname by which he is usually referred has no certain translation. Philologists have made numerous very different suggestions, including "quarreler", "rude", "sullen", "surly" and "heroic".

Life

He was the younger son of Geoffrey II, Count of Gâtinais (sometimes known as Aubri), and Ermengarde of Anjou, a daughter of Fulk the Black, count of Anjou,[2] and sister of Geoffrey Martel, also count of Anjou.[2]

When Geoffrey Martel died without direct heirs he left Anjou to his nephew Geoffrey III of Anjou, Fulk le Réchin's older brother.[3]

Fulk fought with his brother, whose rule was deemed incompetent, and captured him in 1067.[4] Under pressure from the Church he released Geoffrey. The two brothers soon fell to fighting again, and the next year Geoffrey was again imprisoned by Fulk, this time for good.[5]

Substantial territory was lost to Angevin control due to the difficulties resulting from Geoffrey's poor rule and the subsequent civil war. Saintonge was lost, and Fulk had to give the Gâtinais to Philip I of France to placate the king.

Much of Fulk's rule was devoted to regaining control over the Angevin baronage, and to a complex struggle with Normandy for influence in Maine and Brittany.

In 1096 Fulk wrote an incomplete history of Anjou and its rulers titled Fragmentum historiae Andegavensis or "History of Anjou", though the authorship and authenticity of this work is disputed.[6] Only the first part of the history, describing Fulk's ancestry, is extant. The second part, supposedly describing Fulk's own rule, has not been recovered. If he did write it, it is one of the first medieval works of history written by a layman.[7]

Family

Fulk may have married as many as five times; there is some doubt regarding the exact number or how many he repudiated.[8]

His first wife was Hildegarde of Beaugency.[2] After her death, before or by 1070, he married Ermengarde de Bourbon in 1070, and then in 1076 possibly Orengarde de Châtellailon.[2] Both these were repudiated (Ermengarde de Bourbon in 1075 and Orengarde de Chatellailon or Châtel-Aillon in 1080), possibly on grounds of consanguinity.

By 1080 he may have married Mantie, daughter of Walter I of Brienne. This marriage also ended in divorce, in 1087. Finally, in 1089, he married Bertrade de Montfort,[2] who was apparently "abducted" by King Philip I of France in or around 1092.[a]

He had two sons. The eldest (a son of Ermengarde de Bourbon), Geoffrey IV Martel, ruled jointly with him for some time, but died in 1106.[2] The younger (a son of Bertrade de Montfort) succeeded him as Fulk V.[2]

He also had a daughter by Hildegarde of Beaugency, Ermengarde, who married firstly with William IX, count of Poitou and duke of Aquitaine and secondly with Alan IV, Duke of Brittany.[2]

Notes

a.^ It remains uncertain whether Philip had her taken by force or whether she left Fulk of her own accord as chroniclers presented differing versions. See: Bradbury, The Capetians (2007) p. 119.

References

1.^ K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and the Root of Politics; A Prosopography of Britain and France from the Tenth to the Twelfth Century (The Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 1997), p. 257
2.^ a b c d e f g h i Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II: Die Ausserdeutschen Staaten Die Regierenden Häuser der Übrigen Staaten Europas (Marburg, Germany: Verlag von J. A., Stargardt, 1984) Tafel 82
3.^ Jim Bradbury, 'Fulk le Réchin and the Origin of the Plantagenets', Studies in Medieval History Presented to R. Allen Brown, Ed. Christopher Harper-Bill, Christopher J. Holdsworth, Janet L. Nelson (The Boydell Press, 1989), p. 27
4.^ Jim Bradbury, 'Fulk le Réchin and the Origin of the Plantagenets', Studies in Medieval History Presented to R. Allen Brown, Ed. Christopher Harper-Bill, Christopher J. Holdsworth, Janet L. Nelson (The Boydell Press, 1989), p. 31
5.^ Jim Bradbury, 'Fulk le Réchin and the Origin of the Plantagenets', Studies in Medieval History Presented to R. Allen Brown, Ed. Christopher Harper-Bill, Christopher J. Holdsworth, Janet L. Nelson (The Boydell Press, 1989), p. 32
6.^ Nicholas L. Paul, 'The Chronicle of Fulk le Rechin: a Reassessment', The Haskins Society Journal 18: Studies in Medieval History, ed. Stephen Morillo, Diane Korngiebel (The Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 2007) pp. 20-1
7.^ "From Chroniques des comtes d'Anjou et des seigneurs d'Amboise, ed. Louis Halphen and René Poupardin (Paris, 1913), pp. 232-38. (quoted text)". Retrieved 2009-07-20.
8.^ Jim Bradbury, 'Fulk le Réchin and the Origin of the Plantagenets', Studies in Medieval History Presented to R. Allen Brown, Ed. Christopher Harper-Bill, Christopher J. Holdsworth, Janet L. Nelson (The Boydell Press, 1989), p. 36

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Foulques IV "Rechin" Count of Anjou
 
146 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 23rd Great Grandfather

Fulk (in French: Foulque or Foulques; 1089/1092 Angers - 13 November 1143 Acre), also known as Fulk the Younger, was Count of Anjou (as Fulk V) from 1109 to 1129, and King of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death. He was also the paternal grandfather of Henry II of England.

Count of Anjou

Fulk was born in Angers between 1089 and 1092, the son of Count Fulk IV of Anjou and Bertrade de Montfort. In 1092, Bertrade deserted her husband and bigamously married King Philip I of France.

He became count of Anjou upon his father's death in 1109. In the next year, he married Erembourg of Maine, cementing Angevin control over the County of Maine.

He was originally an opponent of King Henry I of England and a supporter of King Louis VI of France, but in 1118 or 1119 he had allied with Henry when Henry arranged for his son and heir William Adelin to marry Fulk's daughter Matilda. Fulk went on crusade in 1119 or 1120, and became attached to the Knights Templar. (Orderic Vitalis) He returned, late in 1121, after which he began to subsidize the Templars, maintaining two knights in the Holy Land for a year. Much later, Henry arranged for his daughter Matilda to marry Fulk's son Geoffrey of Anjou, which she did in 1127 or 1128.

Crusader and King

By 1127 Fulk was preparing to return to Anjou when he received an embassy from King Baldwin II of Jerusalem. Baldwin II had no male heirs but had already designated his daughter Melisende to succeed him. Baldwin II wanted to safeguard his daughter's inheritance by marrying her to a powerful lord. Fulk was a wealthy crusader and experienced military commander, and a widower. His experience in the field would prove invaluable in a frontier state always in the grip of war.

However, Fulk held out for better terms than mere consort of the Queen; he wanted to be king alongside Melisende. Baldwin II, reflecting on Fulk's fortune and military exploits, acquiesced. Fulk abdicated his county seat of Anjou to his son Geoffrey and left for Jerusalem, where he married Melisende on 2 June 1129. Later Baldwin II bolstered Melisende's position in the kingdom by making her sole guardian of her son by Fulk, Baldwin III, born in 1130.

Fulk and Melisende became joint rulers of Jerusalem in 1131 with Baldwin II's death. From the start Fulk assumed sole control of the government, excluding Melisende altogether. He favored fellow countrymen from Anjou to the native nobility. The other crusader states to the north feared that Fulk would attempt to impose the suzerainty of Jerusalem over them, as Baldwin II had done; but as Fulk was far less powerful than his deceased father-in-law, the northern states rejected his authority. Melisende's sister Alice of Antioch, exiled from the Principality by Baldwin II, took control of Antioch once more after the death of her father. She allied with Pons of Tripoli and Joscelin II of Edessa to prevent Fulk from marching north in 1132; Fulk and Pons fought a brief battle before peace was made and Alice was exiled again.

In Jerusalem as well, Fulk was resented by the second generation of Jerusalem Christians who had grown up there since the First Crusade. These "natives" focused on Melisende's cousin, the popular Hugh II of Le Puiset, count of Jaffa, who was devotedly loyal to the Queen. Fulk saw Hugh as a rival, and it did not help matters when Hugh's own stepson accused him of disloyalty. In 1134, in order to expose Hugh, Fulk accused him of infidelity with Melisende. Hugh rebelled in protest. Hugh secured himself to Jaffa, and allied himself with the Muslims of Ascalon. He was able to defeat the army set against him by Fulk, but this situation could not hold. The Patriarch interceded in the conflict, perhaps at the behest of Melisende. Fulk agreed to peace and Hugh was exiled from the kingdom for three years, a lenient sentence.

However, an assassination attempt was made against Hugh. Fulk, or his supporters, were commonly believed responsible, though direct proof never surfaced. The scandal was all that was needed for the queen's party to take over the government in what amounted to a palace coup. Author and historian Bernard Hamilton wrote that the Fulk's supporters "went in terror of their lives" in the palace. Contemporary author and historian William of Tyre wrote of Fulk "he never attempted to take the initiative, even in trivial matters, without (Melisende's) consent". The result was that Melisende held direct and unquestioned control over the government from 1136 onwards. Sometime before 1136 Fulk reconciled with his wife, and a second son, Amalric was born.

Securing the borders

Jerusalem's northern border was of great concern. Fulk had been appointed regent of the Principality of Antioch by Baldwin II. As regent he had Raymund of Poitou marry the infant Constance of Antioch, daughter of Bohemund II and Alice of Antioch, and niece to Melisende. However, the greatest concern during Fulk's reign was the rise of Atabeg Zengi of Mosul.

In 1137 Fulk was defeated in battle near Barin but allied with Mu'in ad-Din Unur, the vizier of Damascus. Damascus was also threatened by Zengi. Fulk captured the fort of Banias, to the north of Lake Tiberias and thus secured the northern frontier.

Fulk also strengthened the kingdom's southern border. His butler Paganus built the fortress of Kerak to the south of the Dead Sea, and to help give the kingdom access to the Red Sea, Fulk had Blanche Garde, Ibelin, and other forts built in the south-west to overpower the Egyptian fortress at Ascalon. This city was a base from which the Egyptian Fatimids launched frequent raids on the Kingdom of Jerusalem and Fulk sought to neutralise this threat.

In 1137 and 1142, Byzantine emperor John II Comnenus arrived in Syria attempting to impose Byzantine control over the crusader states. John's intention of making a pilgrimage, accompanied by his impressive army, to Jerusalem alarmed Fulk, who wrote to John pointing out that his kingdom was poor and could not support the passage of a large army. This lukewarm response dissuaded John from carrying through his intention, and he postponed his pilgrimage. John died before he could make good his proposed journey to Jerusalem.[1]

Death

In 1143, while the king and queen were on holiday in Acre, Fulk was killed in a hunting accident. His horse stumbled, fell, and Fulk's skull was crushed by the saddle, "and his brains gushed forth from both ears and nostrils", as William of Tyre describes. He was carried back to Acre, where he lay unconscious for three days before he died. He was buried in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. Though their marriage started in conflict, Melisende mourned for him privately as well as publicly. Fulk was survived by his son Geoffrey of Anjou by his first wife, and Baldwin III and Amalric I by Melisende.

Depictions

According to William, Fulk was "a ruddy man, like David... faithful and gentle, affable and kind... an experienced warrior full of patience and wisdom in military affairs." His chief fault was an inability to remember names and faces.

William of Tyre described Fulk as a capable soldier and able politician, but observed that Fulk did not adequately attend to the defense of the crusader states to the north. Ibn al-Qalanisi (who calls him al-Kund Anjur, an Arabic rendering of "Count of Anjou") says that "he was not sound in his judgment nor was he successful in his administration." The Zengids continued their march on the crusader states, culminating in the fall of the County of Edessa in 1144, which led to the Second Crusade (see Siege of Edessa).

Family

In 1110, Fulk married Ermengarde of Maine (died 1126), the daughter of Elias I of Maine. Their four children were:
1.Geoffrey V of Anjou (1113-1151, father of Henry II of England.
2.Sibylla of Anjou (1112-1165, Bethlehem), married in 1123 William Clito (div. 1124), married in 1134 Thierry, Count of Flanders.
3.Alice (or Isabella) (1111-1154, Fontevrault), married William Adelin; after his death in the White Ship she became a nun and later Abbess of Fontevrault.
4.Elias II of Maine (died 1151)

His second wife was Melisende, Queen of Jerusalem
1.Baldwin III of Jerusalem
2.Amalric I of Jerusalem

References

1.^ Runciman, pp. 212-213, 222-224

Sources
Orderic Vitalis
Robert of Torigny
William of Tyre
Runciman, Steven (1952) A History of the Crusades, Vol. II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Cambridge University Press.
Medieval Women, edited by Derek Baker, the Ecclesiastical History Society, 1978
Payne, Robert. The Dream and the Tomb, 1984
The Damascus Chronicle of Crusades, trans. H.A.R. Gibb, 1932.

Historical Fiction

Judith Tarr, "Queen of Swords", A Forge Book, Published by Tom Doherty LLC., 1997

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Foulques V "le Jeune" Count of Anjou
 
147 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 22nd Great Grand Aunt

Matilda of Anjou, born as Isabella d'Anjou or Alice, (c. 1111 - 1154) was married in 1119 to William Adelin, son and heir of Henry I of England. She was the daughter of Count Fulk V of Anjou, and his first wife Ermengarde, Countess of Maine (died 1126).

Their betrothal occurred when she was no more than eight years old. She adopted the name Matilda after her marriage in June 1119, as had her mother-in-law, Edith of Scotland, after her own marriage to Henry I. William and Matilda set out on a trip from Normandy to England on 25 November 1120.

A considerable party of hundreds of nobles, courtiers, other retinue, and ship's crew set sail on two or more ships, one of which was named the White Ship. On the crossing of the English Channel the White Ship was wrecked with the loss of all aboard save one. The disaster affected an entire generation of English and French politics as it threw the succession of the English throne into question.

While William had sailed on the White Ship, Matilda had not and survived her husband. She did not remarry and took vows at Fontevrault Abbey eventually becoming Abbess.

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Matilda of Anjou
 
148 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 42nd Great Grandfather Torquatus 1st Count of Anjou
 
149 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 10th Great Grandmother Ann Anstice
 
150 Audrey Maxine Ellis' 22nd Great Grandfather

Berthold IV (died 12 August 1204)[1] was the Count of Andechs (from 1172) and first Duke of Merania (from 1183), that is, the seacoast of Dalmatia and Istria of the House of Andechs. In 1188 he was appointed as margrave of Istria and from 1180 to 1182 he was duke of Croatia and Dalmatia.

In 1175, he was raised to the margraviate of Istria and then years later (1185) made the duke of the region called "Merania" after the Adriatic Sea (mare is Latin for "sea"). Merania encompassed the same area as the old margraviate, but its ruler now gained much prestige from his new title.

In 1186, he accompanied the Emperor Henry VI to the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1189, he led the third division of the imperial army and was its standard-bearer on the Third Crusade. In 1195, he appeared as the advocate of Tegernsee Abbey. After Henry's death in 1197, he sided with the claimant Philip of Swabia. At this juncture, the duke of Merania was at the height of his power and influence. He possessed lands from Franconia to the Adriatic.

Berthold died in 1204 and was buried in Diessen.

Family, Marriage and issue

He was the son of Berthold I of Istria and Hedwig of Wittelsbach.

Berthold married Agnes of Rochlitz[1], also known as Agnes of Wettin, and they had the following children[1]:
Otto I, who succeeded his father
Ekbert, bishop of Bamberg
Henry, margrave of Istria
Hedwig, married Henry I the Bearded, duke of Silesia
Gertrude, married Andrew II of Hungary
Agnes, married Philip II of France
Berthold, Patriarch of Aquileia
Mathilde, abbess of Klitzingen

An unnamed daughter married into the Nemanjic family of Serbia

References

1.^ a b c Berthold IV von Andechs (c.1159 - 1204), accessed 2 November 2011

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Berthold VI of Antioch
 

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